With more than 2,500 different bird species recorded on the continent, Africa is home to an amazing diversity of avian species. Birdwatching in Africa is a genuinely distinctive and thrilling experience, with species like the majestic African Fish Eagle and the vibrant Lilac-breasted Roller. Discovering Africa’s feathered marvels and birdwatching in Africa? Here’s everything you need to know.

The encounter

The natural grandeur of the continent is deeply embraced by the African birdwatching experience, which is incredibly immersive. Each area has its own distinct bird species and habitats, from the lush rainforests of the Congo Basin to the vast savannahs of the Serengeti.

The best way to experience the varied birdlife of Africa is through guided birding excursions. You can find elusive species and the finest birdwatching locations with the assistance of knowledgeable guides. You can tailor a birdwatching trip to your preferences, whether you want to concentrate on particular bird families or geographic areas.

The species

Africa is home to over 2,300 bird species, including many endemic and rare species. Here are some of the most iconic birds you might spot while birdwatching in Africa:

  • African Fish Eagle: A majestic bird of prey found near water bodies throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Its distinctive call is a common sound in African landscapes.
  • African Grey Parrot: One of the most popular pet birds in the world, the African Grey Parrot is native to West and Central Africa. It is known for its intelligence and ability to mimic human speech.
  • Lilac-breasted Roller: A stunningly colorful bird found in southern and eastern Africa. Its lilac and turquoise feathers make it one of the most recognizable birds in Africa.
  • Shoebill: A large, prehistoric-looking bird found in the wetlands of East Africa. The shoebill is rare and elusive, making it a prized sighting for birdwatchers.
  • African Penguin: One of the only penguin species found in Africa, the African Penguin is endemic to the southwestern coast of Africa. It is an endangered species due to habitat loss and overfishing.

Where to go?

Africa offers a range of birdwatching destinations, each with its own unique bird species and habitats. Here are some of the top places for birdwatching in Africa:

  • South Africa: Home to over 800 bird species, South Africa offers diverse habitats ranging from grasslands to wetlands to forests. Some of the most popular birdwatching spots include Kruger National Park, the Western Cape, and the KwaZulu-Natal coast. It is home to a range of species, including the Cape Vulture, Knysna Turaco, and the African Penguin.
  • Kenya: Known for its savannah landscapes and wildlife, Kenya is also a great birdwatching destination. The Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru, and the Rift Valley are some of the best birding spots in the country. Home to over 1,000 bird species, including the Masai Ostrich, African Pygmy Falcon, and the Secretary Bird.
  • Uganda: With over 1,000 bird species, Uganda is a paradise for birdwatchers. The country’s rainforests and wetlands are home to some of the rarest and most beautiful bird species in the world. The best birdwatching spots include Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Kibale National Park, and Queen Elizabeth National Park. Home to the Shoebill Stork, the African Green Broadbill, and many other endemic species.
  • Madagascar: As an isolated island, Madagascar has a unique and diverse birdlife. Over 100 bird species are found only in Madagascar, including the iconic lemurs. Some of the best birdwatching spots include Andasibe-Mantadia National Park, Ranomafana National Park, and Berenty Reserve.
  • Tanzania: Known for its wetlands, which attract a variety of waterbirds such as the Pink-backed Pelican and the Grey-crowned Crane.

When to Go

The best time for birdwatching in Africa depends on the location and species you want to see. In general, the best time to go birdwatching in Africa is during the dry season, which is typically from May to October. This is when many species congregate around water sources, making them easier to spot. However, certain species are more active during the breeding season, which can vary depending on the location. It’s best to do some research and plan your trip accordingly.

African birdwatching tips

Get a reliable guide: When spotting and identifying different bird species, an experienced guide can make a world of difference. Find a guide who is knowledgeable about the area’s birdlife and can assist you in identifying the types you observe.

Bring the proper tools: a good field guide, a pair of binoculars, and a spotting scope will help you recognize the birds you see. Using a zoom lens on a camera is helpful for taking pictures of the animals.

Dress appropriately: For walking through various environments, put on comfortable apparel and sturdy shoes. In order to shield yourself from the sun, bring a hat and sunscreen.

Be persistent and patient; birdwatching calls for both. Be prepared because some species may be harder to detect than others. Nature calls for patience.


Africa provides a glimpse into the incredibly diverse range of birdlife, making birdwatching there a special and rewarding experience. With the proper planning, you can find some of Africa’s most intriguing feathered wonders and make lifelong memories. Whether you’re an experienced birder or a novice fan, Africa is certain to have something unique to offer.

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